The First Episode
The inseparable relationship of life with time exists. Life is basically a sum of time. Life is the time from birth to death. Appearing in the world at one particular moment of endless flowing time, we do not depart from the world at another particular moment. Maybe or leave some memories that are stored in the chest of the great age as the turning point of history. So history has a relationship with time. History is the continuity of time past. Our traditions, civilizations, cultures and diverse human works are also chronological in different eras and times. As such, time is the sole driver of our life and work.
Therefore, the importance of time is immense. Considering this important issue, time has been divided into small and large scales to bring it within a certain rule and calculation. Paul, Anupal, Second, Minute, Hour, Day, Week, Month, Year, Age, Century, Millennium, etc. are divided into different parts and identities. A huge abyss is formed with small raindrops, a vast gray desert is formed by the aggregation of small raindrops. With the passage of time, the second, the minute, so is the creation of infinite eternity. Behind the creation of history is also the densely connected bridge of hundreds of thousands of crores of Paul-Anupal-moments. Our life is just a sum of Paul-Anupal-moments. His position in the lotus-leaf is like a restless, restless water. Yet time and history have an uninterrupted relationship with transient life.
The importance of every moment or time is immeasurable. Especially where our lives are completely uncertain, bounded by limited boundaries, every moment of life is precious and its fulfillment lies in its proper utilization. The day that starts with waking up every morning, it never comes back after sunset. The next day, with the sunrise, another new day arrives, the previous day disappears into the endless chest of the past and the great age. Thus one new day after another constantly comes and the past days end in a memorable past or history.
Thus the present moments are constantly lost in the endless womb of the past or history. In the same way, at one stage of the periodic rotation of day and night, this mortal life comes to an end. On the other hand, countless new lives have arrived on earth. As a result, the trend of human creation continues. The same is true of other animals. As the flow of time continues, so does the flow of life. But the position of a life in the lotus-leaf is as fleeting as the restless, restless water in the bosom of the time like the water. Therefore, the rotation of time, the coming and going of day and night is very significant, its importance in life is immense. Just as human beings should learn from this, special care should be taken to use every moment of life properly. Pointing to this, Allah the Almighty said: “There are signs in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of day and night, for men of understanding.” (Surah Al-Imran: verse 190)
In this way, if we think carefully about the creation of the world, the arrival and departure of day and night, the evolution of seasons, etc., we can learn a lot, realize the importance of time and be careful in the utilization of time. We can gain a thorough knowledge of the greatness of God’s creation.
Life is basically a sum of time, as I mentioned at the beginning. At one stage in the evolution of day and night, man appears in the world, again at a certain age. This advent and departure takes place in such silence that we are not always able to realize it, according to the provisions and instructions of the great Creator. But the time between this advent and departure, which we call ‘Hayat’, is very important in everyone’s life. Most of the time we do not check how the day went, how every moment of the day was spent, how much was achieved or saved on this day, how much success or failure was achieved in this life.
The savings or gains I talked about are of two kinds: one is material, the other is material. One is visible, the other is perceptual. Both are important. Everyone is satisfied with material possessions. However, material attainment may be more important to the true sages. To illustrate the importance of this matter, the great Creator swore by time: “By the time, surely people are the losers, but not those who believe and do good deeds, and invite one another to the truth, and exhort one another to patience.” (Surat al-Asr: verses 1-3)
Life is the sum of time. By the oath of that time, Allah has divided man into two categories. The first class is the opposite of the second class. Without explicitly identifying the first class, God has said unequivocally that they must be the losers. The identity of the first class has become clear within the identity of the second class. That is to say, the opposite of the qualities of the second class people is the first class identity. This is a prominent expression of the Qur’an. Introducing the second category, Allah says: They are believers (believers in the Creator), do good deeds, invite each other, that is, all others, to the truth (true religion), sincerely ignore all obstacles in the path of truth . The opposite of other classes of people. They are deprived of the above qualities. God has sworn by time to introduce these two classes of people and to speak of the ultimate consequences of both. The importance and significance of the time became clear.
One sage compared life to ice. Ice is valuable capital to its seller. But as time goes on, once that capital melts into water, its capital is no more. Life, too, rides on the invisible raft of time and disappears into the path of eternity. Our bodies then become as worthless as ice water. Therefore, it is obligatory to manage every moment of life in the way of truth and justice while having time. The importance of time is here. A hadith can be mentioned in this context. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Pay attention to five things (while you have time): youth before old age, health before disease, prosperity before poverty, leisure before being busy, and life before death.”
Every moment of time is important. In the above hadith, the importance of time has been specially explained in various ways. The intimate relationship between time and the various stages of life is important here and it is suggested that time be used appropriately.
For the convenience of calculation, the whole time has been divided into small and large ranges with various punctuation marks. It is normal to calculate centuries, millennia, etc. for reviewing history, but it is too long for a life. The millennium is unimaginable, who is destined to be a centenarian? All the thoughts, plans and actions of life centered on a time-span of decades, years, months or even less. The beginning of the calculation of seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years, etc. to bring the various plans and actions of life under a proper rule and control. We need to do many things in life. If you don’t do everything according to the rules, success in life will not come. That’s why people invented clocks to calculate time, created calendars to match days and dates. We are now accustomed to follow the calculations of clocks and manuscripts. Prior to these discoveries, man depended on the rotation of day and night, the rotation of the sun, moon, planets and stars, change of seasons, evolution of the visibility of nature, creation of tides, etc. Now man has brought time under very fine scientific control.
The great Creator has started counting the years from the first day of the creation of the universe. From this point on, the Creator of man is the one who created the year from time immemorial. The calculation of day-moment, month-year etc. has started from the first day of creation of the earth. His Excellency Allah says in this regard: “From the day of creation of the heavens and the earth, there are twelve months of reckoning in the sight of Allah, four of which are forbidden months. This is a well-established rule.” (Surat at-Tawba: verse 36, partial)
Although different seasons originate at different times in the world, a common feature of each year is that the number of months in each year is twelve. Although the number of months in each year is twelve, there is a difference in the number of days per month or the number of days in each year. This is because which year is the calculation of the moon and which year is the calculation of the sun. The year as the moon is called the lunar year and the year as the sun is called the solar year. The lunar year is 354 days in 9 hours and the solar year is 365 days in 6 hours. As a result, the solar year is 10/11 days bigger than the lunar year. As the solar year is related to the sun, the annual seasons or months, days, hours, minutes, etc. rotate at certain times. As a result, we have a special advantage in the work of calculation and calculation. Moreover, the new moon, the full moon, the tides of the sea, etc. are associated with the lunar cycle. Since the lunar year is related to the lunar cycle and it is less than 10/11 days from the solar year, it is convenient to perform the essential acts of worship such as fasting, Hajj etc. People from all parts of the world get the opportunity to visit Ramadan, Hajj, Eid, etc. in all seasons of the year. Otherwise, in some countries, Ramadan was observed only in winter every year, while in some countries, Ramadan was observed only in summer. That would be a violation of justice. But there is no injustice or discrimination in the provision of the great Creator. So he has done justice to all people in all parts of the world by associating these acts of worship with the lunar year. This is one of the most important blessings of Allah to His servants. In order to realize this blessing and its significance, the great Lord Almighty said: (Surat al-An’am: 96)
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And He it is Who made the sun a radiance and the moon a light, and ordained its destination, that you may know the number of years and the reckoning of time. God did not create anything in vain. He describes in detail all these signs for the people of knowledge. In the change of day and night, and in all that Allah has created in the heavens and the earth, is a sign for those who guard (against evil). ” (Surah Yunus: verses 5 and 6)
Allah: The sun and the moon are two clear signs out of innumerable signs. One is radiant, the other luminous. One world makes the fauna awake and active in organizing various activities, the other takes it to the dreamy world of rest and sleep. As a result of the precise sequence of these two and all that is associated with them, the day-night, month-year, season-date reckoning, and even the creation of the earth, continues. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “The sun and the moon go round in orbits.” (Surah Ar-Rahman: verse 5)
Allaah describes the signs of the night and the day: Allaah says: We have removed the signs of the night, and made the signs of the day bright, so that you may seek the bounty of your Lord, and that you may calculate the number of years and the reckoning. ” (Surah Bani Isra’il: verse 12)
Regarding the specific rotation of the day and night, the moon and the sun and its esoteric meaning, Allah the Almighty said: “A sign for them is the night, from which I remove the daylight, and everything becomes dark. And as the sun travels to its specific destination, it is under the control of the Almighty, the Omniscient. And for the moon I have assigned different manzils (as astronomers have divided the lunar month into 28 manzils or dates); Eventually it takes the shape of a dry curved, old palm branch. It is not possible for the sun to reach the moon and it is not possible for the night to pass the day; And each swims in its own orbit. ” (Surah Ya-seen: verses 37-40)
There are special events or histories behind the discovery of different years or calendars in the world. Ancient Egyptian scholars introduced the practice of year-counting by observing the natural changes of the Nile tides and adjoining areas year after year. The Roman emperor Julius Caesar conquered Egypt in 46 BC and came up with the idea of a calendar compiled as a solar year or season cycle among the Egyptians. Caesar, in collaboration with the Egyptian astronomer Caesar extensively reformed the Roman calendar. He introduced the first solar year calendar in the Roman Empire. Earlier, the English New Year was counted from March 1. Caesar changed his style and started counting the New Year from January 1. Since then, the ancient Roman calendar has been called the Caesarean calendar. Commencement of the Roman or Caesarean calendar commemorating the founding of the city of Rome.
In today’s world, Christian Era or Christ is widely used. This year was introduced in the memory of Jesus (pbuh) or Christians who are known as Jesus Christ. Of course, Jesus was not alive; 750 years after his death, the Christian clergy in Rome began this year. Later, as Christianity spread to Europe and America, and then to English, French and Dutch imperialism, it spread to almost all parts of the world. It is currently the most popular year in the world. It has been in vogue in our country since the English period, and in fact, it is more prevalent and popular than the Bengali year. The English year has become widespread in government offices, courts, educational institutions, etc. This practice was introduced during the English period and has continued even after independence.
The introduction of the Hijri year as the second major international year after Isab and its widespread acceptance was observed. Earlier, the Hijri year was practiced all over the Muslim world, but now it has been replaced by Isabd or AD in most cases. However, the Hijri year still survives all over the Muslim world. This year has always been and will inevitably survive all over the Muslim world, if not for any other reason but for religious reasons alone. Because many acts of worship in Islam including fasting and Hajj such as two Eids, Shabe Qadr, Shabe Barat, Ashura, Eid Miladunnabi, Akhir Chahar Somba etc. are directly related to Hijri year or lunar month.