Introduction: The concept of governance’ is not new. It is as old as human civilization. Simply put ‘governance’ means the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented or not implemented. Governance can he used in several contexts such as corporate governance, international governance, national governance, and local governance.
Read Also: Good Governance in Bangladesh Essay
Good Governance: Recently the term good governance is being increased by used in development literature. Democracy cannot flourish in the absence of good governance. The pre-condition for good governance is effective democratic institutions for democratizing society.
Good governance defines an ideal that is difficult to achieve in its totality. However, to ensure sustainable human development, actions must be taken to work towards this ideal. Major donors and international financial institutions, like IMF or World Bank, are increasingly basing their aid and loans on the condition that reforms ensuring good governance are undertaken.
A good governance requires an accountable government, an independent judicial system, freedom of thought and expression, people oriented bureaucracy, and the rule of law. Good governance ensures sustainable economic and social development and institutional growth.
Characteristics: Good governance has 8 major characteristics. It is participatory consensus-oriented, accountable, transparent, responsive, effective and efficient, equitable, and inclusive, and follows the rule of law.
Read Also: Good Governance in Bangladesh Essay
Roadmap to Good Governance
The present caretaker government has gained people’s confidence and raised aspirations for good governance with its non-partisan actions. The caretaker government has already taken some basic reform measures including reconstitution of the Election Commission, Anti-corruption commission, separation of the judiciary to strengthen the foundation of democracy to bring back the tradition of politics of honesty and dedication. Stressing the need for establishing good governance through an honest and efficient public administration the Chief Advisor Dr. Fakruddin Ahmed said the government is taking various effective measures to ensure neutrality, transparency and better accountability in the administration.
Criteria of good governance and the present condition in our country. The following traits are to be looked through-
Independent and Non-partisan Election Commission: Independent and non-partisan election commission is a pre-condition for a free and fair participatory election to elect public representatives to the parliament. Free and fair elections are open and transparent to all people without discrimination based on sex, religion or race. Such elections are not restricted by government interference and coercion by money and muscle. The right to free and fair elections should be guaranteed by an independent non-partisan election commission having appropriate capabilities and skills to deliver honest acceptable elections. And such an elected government can he accountable to their citizens, voters should be able to participate freely in political process, whether through political parties or independent candidates. Present caretaker government has taken some basic reform measures, including reconstitution of the election commission, to strengthen the foundation of democracy to bring back the tradition of politics of honesty and dedication. Newly appointed Chief Election commissioner Dr. ATM Shamsul Huda, Election Commissioner M. Sohul Hussain and Brigadier General (Retd) Sakhawat Hussain and newly appointed secretary of the Election Commission secretariat M. Humayun Kabir.
The Chief Election Commissioner and two commissioners were appointed recently following resignation of Justice MA Aziz and his commissioners under a process to reorganize. The Election Commission undertaken by the present caretaker government under Chief Advisor Dr. Fakhruddin Ahmed.
Independent Judiciary and Rule of Law: Another criterion of good governance is independent judiciary, important for preserving the rule of law. It is very essential to have a strong judiciary and courts to ensure that a nation’s laws are enforced constantly and fairly. All organs of government must be law-abiding.
Another characteristic of good governance is the presence of constitutional limits on the political power. Such limits include transparent creditable, periodic elections, guarantees of fundamental rights by an independent judiciary, which allows citizens to seek protection of their rights and redress against government actions. These limits help make government departments accountable to each other and to the people. Accountability is another characteristic that is considered globally for the eligibility when determining whether a country practices good governance.
Good governance means equal protection for all without any discrimination of sex, castes, creeds and race. Open and easy access to judicial and administrative systems is a must for governing fairly. A nations courts should not he open to only a select few. Government agencies should allow appeals of regulations as well as citizen participation in their decision-making process. In order to establish good governance, the caretaker government has taken steps for separating the judiciary from the executive.
Independent Anti-corruption Commission: Good governance also means combating corruption, and countries can not be considered to have good governance if they are corrupt. To preserve the integrity of democracy, governments must strive to rid themselves of corruption and bribery. Corruption destroys economic foundations, impedes the ability to developing countries to attract foreign investment. Corruption hinders the growth of democratic institutions and concentrates power in the hands of a few having money and muscle.
The government has appointed ex-army chief Lt. General (retired) Hasan Mashhud Chowdhury as the chairman and former district judge M. Habibur Rahman and former National Board of Revenue (NBR) member Abul Hasan Manjur Mannan the commissioners of the Anti Corruption Commission.
The caretaker governments move to make politics free from corruption. For this purpose, the government has already taken basic reform measures of Anticorruption Commission. The caretaker government has arrested some influential politicians from the political parties because of their alleged involvement in corruption.
The government has barred corrupt people from participating in any parliamentary or local government election by amending the rules of Emergency power ordinance. No convicted person will ever be able to hold any job related to the government, according to the amendments to the rules.
Electoral Reforms: The Election Commission Started reviewing the existing election laws to bring in massive electoral reforms. The Election Commission at its first review meeting (18 February 07) took up the review of Representation of the People Order 1972 that contains 95 provisions and a large member of sub-provisions. The Election Commission reviewed 12 provisions of the order and will continue discussions to prepare a set of daft proposal for reforms. Increasing a candidate’s election expenditure from Tk. 5 lakh to Tk. 10 lakh will also figure in the proposals.
Chief Election Commissioner ATM Shamsul Huda said, after reviewing Representation of the People Order 1972, the Election Commission will start reviewing the political party Registration Act and Electoral Roll Ordinance. The Election Commission is taking initiative to make electoral laws stricter to make sure the polls are free of corrupt practices and influence of black money.
Conclusion: Good governance is very important for the overall development of a poor country like Bangladesh. Because good governance ensures sustainable economic and social development and institutional growth. So, all the major political parties, civil servants and private sectors should come forward to co-operate to establish good governance.
Leadership Essay and Composition for Class 5,6,7,8,9, SSC, HSC
Hartal: An Arms in The Hand of Politicians
Students Politics in Bangladesh: An Observation Essay for All Class
Confrontational Politics in Bangladesh Essay for All Class
National Unity for Development Essay for class 5,6,7,8,9, SSC and HSC