Syed Abul Hasan Ali Nadvi was one of the shining stars of the Muslim world in the twentieth century. Beyond the borders of the subcontinent, its influence spread to the Arab world. He was born on 5 December 1913 in Uttar Pradesh, India. He was fluent in both Urdu and Hindi. He was a former rector of Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama as well as a founding member of the Rabita Muslim World League. He was also a member of the Rabita Fiqh Council and the Advisory Council of the University of Madinah.
In 1980, he received the King Faisal Award, the highest honor in the Muslim world, for his service to Islam. Saeed Abul Hassan Ali Nadvi had a warm and cordial relationship with Saeed Ramadan (son-in-law of Hasan al-Banna), the father of the famous Islamic thinker of the present-day Tariq Ramadan, as discussed in the introduction to Tariq Ramadan’s Islam, The West & The Challenges of Modernity. Beyond the intellectual world, he was also a scholarly personality who was always active in the field. His acceptance in the Muslim society as well as among the non-Muslims was skyrocketing. This great scholar died on December 31, 1999. His death is the end of the history of Muslim India and will not fill this void in the near future.
Check Also: Writer Syed Ali Ahsan Biography
In 1934 he joined Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama as a teacher and taught Tafsir, Hadith, Logic, Arabic Literature and History. She got married in 1934. In 1939 he visited various places in India. In the midst of this visit, he met Maulana Shaykh Abdul Qadir Raipuri and the eminent preacher of Islam, Maulana Muhammad Ilyas Kandhalvi, and received them as his career advisors. From the first person he received advice on tazkiyah, or self-purification, and from the second person he received advice on evangelism and social reform. Throughout his life he continued to communicate with them. Until his last life he visited India and many countries of the world. In 1943, he founded an association for religious education called “Anjumane Talimate Deen”. There he gave several lectures on the Qur’an and Hadith, which echoed in modern educated society. In 1945 he was elected a member of the administrative council of Nadwatul Ulama. In 1951, at the request of Sayyid Sulaiman Nadvi, the then director of the education department of Nadwatul Ulama, he took over the post of deputy director of the education department, and after the death of Sulaiman Nadvi in 1954, he was elected director of the education department. Later, after the death of his elder brother Abdul Ali Al Hasani in 1975, he was elected Secretary General of Nadwatul Ulama. In 1951, he started his famous movement “Payame Insaniyat”. In 1955 he was elected editor of the Arabic magazine Al-Bas and in 1959 Ar-Ra’id. In 1956, Ali Mian Damascus was elected a member of the Arabic Language Institute. In 1959, he established the “Islamic Research and Publishing Company” in Lucknow. In 1962, in the absence of the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, Sheikh Muhammad bin Ibrahim, in Makkah, Ali Mian conducted the inaugural ceremony of “Rabetatul Islam”. Saudi Arabia’s ruler Saud bin Abdulaziz and Libya’s Idris Senussi were among those present. It was on this occasion that he read an article entitled “Islam Beyond Sectarianism”. Since its inception in 1972, he has been a member of the Advisory Committee of the University of Medina. In 1986, he was invited by the Saudi Minister of Education to advise on the curriculum of the Department of Sharia at the University of Riyadh. In 1970, Jordan was elected a member of the Arabic Academy. In the same year, he was elected President of the Islamic Center at Oxford University in England. In 1974, he was elected Director-General of the World Islamic Literary Organization. He visited Bangladesh in 1974 and 1994.
Read Also: Writer Muhiuddin Khan Biography
Awards and Honors
In 1970, Ali Nadvi won the King Faisal International Prize for his book Ma Ya Khasiral ‘Alamu Binhitatil Muslimeen (What did the world lose in the fall of the Muslims?). He donated half of the prize money, half a million riyals, to Afghan refugees and the other half to two religious institutions in Mecca (a safe house and Madrasa al-Sawlatiyah). In 1981, he was awarded an honorary doctorate in literature by the University of Kashmir. In 1999, Ali Nadvi was awarded the Sultan Brunei Award by the Islamic Center of the University of Oxford for his 6-volume Urdu history book, Dawaat wa Azimat (History of Struggling Saints). The value of which was more than twenty lakh Indian rupees. Ali Nadvi distributed all the prize money among various charities and the needy. In 1999, Ali Nadvi was named International Islamic Personality of the Year in Dubai. Received from the Prince of Dubai and Minister of Defense of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Rushd, he spent the entire prize, equivalent to about 125 million Indian rupees, on various charitable causes.
Read Also: Writer Muhammad Matiur Rahman Biography
In 1931, at the age of 18, Ali Mian’s first article was published in Egypt’s Al Manar, edited by Sayyid Rashid Reza. The subject of the article was the work of Shaheed Ahmad bin Irfan. His first book, Sirate Ahmad Shaheed, was published in Urdu in 1936. In 1940, he compiled the book Mukhtarat Min Adabil Arab. Between 1942 and 1944, he wrote two children’s series, Qassasun Nabiyyin and Al-Qiraatur Rashidah. In 1944, he started writing his famous book “What the World Lost in the Fall of the Muslims”  and finished it in 1948. In 1956, at the request of Shaykh Ahmad Raipuri, he wrote a book about the Qadianis called “Qadiani and Qadianiyyat”. He wrote a biography of Murtaza in 1986.  Most of his books have been translated into Bengali.